What You Should Know About Epulis


You’ve just found out that your Rottweiler has Epulis – now what are you going to do? We’re going to go over some of the specifics of this disease and what you can expect to happen. These details outline Epulis so you’ll be able to determine the best line of treatment for your Rottweiler.  

There is no one cause that’s been linked to Epulis. The disease is grouped into three types, based on tissue of origin:
Fibromatous Type: These are tumors that  have a stalk or stem (pedunculated) and are non- ulcerative.
Ossifying Type:  These are tumors are that are pedunculated non-ulcerative.
Acanthomatous Type: This is a benign group of tumors that happen to be the most aggressive. Locally invasive, Acanthomatous Type tumors can result in the destruction of bone tissue.

It may be that your Rottweiler has a mild case of Epulis and will not show any clinical symptoms. In cases such as there, the only way to catch it in this case is accidentally, during the course of a routine examination.

Here are some common Epulis symptoms:

 •Facial deformities

 •Bad breath

 •Presence of a growing mass along the periodontal tissue

 • Loose Teeth

 •Excessive drooling

 •Bleeding from the gums and other parts of the mouth

 •Unexplained loss of weight

 • Difficulty eating

If you notice that your Rottweiler shows a number of these symptoms, you should take him into a vet’s office to confirm if Epulis is present. Several tests to see if Epulis is the cause can be run, including Complete Blood Count (CBC), urinalysis, and biochemical profile, which are performed to establish baseline values.

Once the vet runs the CBC test, further inspection and examination of your dog’s oral cavity will be performed. During this exam, your vet will be better able to assess the extent of growth and destruction of oral tissues, including the gums and teeth. Other ways to rule out other types of oral tumors include x-rays of the mouth and chest, CT scans, and a biopsy of the tumor.

In some cases, the best choice of treatment for Epulis may be surgery. Depending on the size and type of Epulis, the tumor will be excised or totally removed. Fibromatous Epulis and Ossifying Epulis are typically removed by surgery and it may partial mandibulectomy (removal of the lower jaw) and maxillectomy (removal of the upper jaw). Another route you can take is radiation therapy.

After your Rottweiler has been treated for Epulis, the next step is supportive care. This is an important aspect of therapy. Your Rottweiler will have to eat soft foods in order to help stop or prevent tumor ulceration, and this food can also be soothing after surgery.